Difference between Science and Technology
The terms science and technology often come hand in hand with one another that people easily mistake them to refer to the same thing. However, the two are fundamentally different. They simply complement each other and benefit society similarly. What are the distinctions between science and technology?
Science is the pursuit of knowledge. It studies natural phenomenon as well as the reasons behind them. Science follows a method of acquiring information about a certain subject - this includes processes such as observation and experimentation. Its main purpose is discovery. Science revolves around facts, statistics and evidence. The proven laws and statements of science are hard to challenge because they are backed with hard proof and are not based on simple opinions or guesses.
On the other hand, technology is the practical application of scientific knowledge. It exists to invent ways to solve problems or improve efficiency and effectiveness. While science is absolute, technology is prone to change based on new discoveries, societal needs, and the demand for innovation.
|Definition||A methodical means of acquiring new knowledge on specific subjects through observation and experimentation||The practical application of knowledge derived by science for specific purposes|
|Purpose||To discover knowledge, determine causes of phenomena, and make predictions||To solve problems and dilemmas, improve productivity, increase efficiency and effectivity, to implement changes|
|Motto||Science is knowing.||Technology is doing.|
|Reaction to change||Laws proven by science is absolute.||Technology is prone to change.|
|Focus||Discovery, understanding||Invention, application|
|Function||Making predictions and understanding phenomena||Make work easier, solve problems, fulfill needs|
|Methods of evaluation||Analysis, deduction, developing theories||Analysis, planning, synthesizing design|
|Development||Discovery, with support and control through experiments||Design, invention, production/implementation|
|Required skills||Experimental, analytical and logical skills||Planning, design, construction, problem solving, decision making, quality assurance, and interpersonal skills|
|Example branches||Biology, mathematics, geology, human behavior||Agriculture, applied physics, engineering, biotechnology|