Difference between Squash and Racquetball

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Squash and racquetball are two sports that appear the same at first glance, but are actually different in various aspects. Here, we discuss the distinctions between the two.

Squash is a ball/racquet sport consisting of two or four players (singles or doubles). Aside from the players, the main components of squash are a four-walled court  and a hollow rubber ball. The game is played by players taking turns in hitting the ball using the racquet onto the playable surfaces in the court. In squash, the ceiling is not included as a playable surface. Additionally, squash courts have an “out of bounds” area unlike racquetball. Players do not have the liberty to interfere with their opponents when trying to hit the front wall directly.

Racquetball is an indoor or outdoor sport that is similar to the American handball. Just like squash, it consists of hitting the ball repeatedly into a set surface. In racquetball, however, players are allowed to hit the ceiling as well as allow only limited freedom for the opposing player to hit portions of the front wall.

Other than those apparent differences, squash and racketball also differ in scoring, dimensions, service mechanics, as well as equipment dimensions.

Squash Racquetball
Definition A sport played in a four walled court using racquets and a hollow rubber ball where opponents take turns hitting a ball onto the front wall An indoor or outdoor sport in a closed court where opponents strike a hollow rubber ball alternately onto a front wall
Brief History The game originated from the game “rackets” where tennis racquets were used to hit balls against walls rather than over nets. The first squash court appeared in 1884 at St. Paul’s School in Concord, New Hampshire The game was invented by a professional tennis and handball player who wanted an easy, fast-paced sport. The game was initially named “paddle rackets” and was adapted from handball, squash and paddleball. A formal association was founded in 1952.
Inventor People in Harrow School in London, England Joe Sobek
Administration World Squash Organization International Racquetball Federation
Ball Hollow rubber ball; 4 cm diameter Hollow rubber ball; 6 cm diameter; bouncier than balls used in squash
Racquet 27 inches with a teardrop shape 22 inches with a teardrop shape  
Court Enclosed, 21x32x15 feet in size; boundary lines on front and back walls and diagonal boundary lines on side walls, plus a 19-inch high tin strip that is considered out of bounds at the front wall’s base Enclosed, 20x40x20 feet with every surface considered inbound, including the ceiling
Service One service point, no bounce involved; player has to hit the ball into a service box Two service points that require a bounce before hitting the wall; players are allowed to hit any portion of the wall
Scoring Up to 9 points in regular matches, 11 in tournaments and championships; victory is announced with two clear points advantage Up to 15 points, only serving player can serve points; victory is announced with two clear points advantage
Olympics No No

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